Learning from Different Governance Models

Autor(en)

Jelena Branković, Per Nyborg, Elias Pekkola, Jussi Kivistö, Liudvika Leisyte, Pedro N. Teixeira, Pedro M. Videira

Preis

19,99 € (115 Seiten, PDF)

Inhalt

  • The Major Models of Institutional Governance in Higher Education

    Jelena Branković

    This chapter gives an overview of the main models of institutional governance in higher education and positions them in a wider social, political and economic reality. The chapter starts by placing a discussion on the basic terminology in the context of some of the major governance trends. The two narratives originating from these trends – New Public Management and Network Governance – are introduced to facilitate a better understanding of the nature of institutional governance models in higher education. As the models presented are only ideal types, a single model is rarely realised in its pure form. Rather, a higher education institution is more likely to accommodate characteristics of various models while the main features of one model may dominate. However, the actual manifestation of these models in the case of a particular higher education institution ultimately depends on the interplay between institutional internal and external realities.

  • Institutional Governance in a National Context – Norway

    Per Nyborg

    The present status of institutional governance in Norwegian higher education must be seen on the background of the rise and fall of a binary system over the past fifty years. The 2005 legislation that makes a common framework for today’s governance and management of universities and colleges came as a follow-up of the Quality Reform, the Norwegian version of the Bologna Process. Focusing on the governance element of the Reform, this article describes the political process leading to the 2005 legislation that left the decision on leadership models to the individual institutions. On this background, the author shows how institutions have decided on different leadership models and developed their strategies in recent years.

  • Reforming the Finnish University System: Policies and Institutional Responses

    Elias Pekkola, Jussi Kivistö

    The article gives an overview of the latest university reform in Finland and describes the higher education policy changes which have occurred in Finland in recent decades. It focuses on changes in the national university legislation and discusses the role of international policy influences in shaping the Finnish higher education policy. The article also highlights the institutional responses to the changing policy environment by utilising two different case descriptions; establishment of Aalto University as a “world class university” and organisational development of the University of Tampere.

  • The Transformation of University Governance in Central and Eastern Europe: Its Antecedents and Consequences

    Liudvika Leisyte

    This article focuses on the change in governance and management of universities in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries from a multi-level perspective, discussing the impact of changing institutional logics on university management capacities and university structures. The author draws on the typology of governance mechanisms in higher education: academic self-regulation, competition for resources, managerial self-guidance, stakeholder guidance and state control, arguing that quasi-market logic has permeated to a larger degree the systems with a more Napoleonic and Soviet-type tradition of centralized leadership and management, and that universities across CEE have acquired more self-management capacities coupled with stronger stakeholder guidance. However, the decentralization within higher education institutions, and the power of academic oligarchy are still present, especially in the systems following the Humboldtian higher education tradition.

  • Higher Education in Lusophone Countries: One Language, Many Stages of Development in Higher Education

    Pedro N. Teixeira, Pedro M. Videira

    Portuguese speaking countries represent one of the largest linguistic communities in the world, though this tends to be less visible in the case of higher education than for other widely spoken languages. Moreover, the existing literature on higher education systems in Lusophone countries is scarce and very unevenly distributed. Thus, in this article we briefly present the higher education systems of the Lusophone countries. We give particular attention to their recent patterns of development and their current regulatory frameworks regarding the governance at the system and institutional levels. In our analysis we explore the main similarities and differences present in those systems.

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